Children and Pre-teens

Dental Care for Kids and Pre-teens: Nurturing Healthy Smiles from an Early Age

Children and Pre-teens

As your child grows from infancy through their pre-teen years, their oral health needs evolve, requiring diligent care and guidance to maintain healthy teeth and gums. Here's what you need to know to ensure your child's oral health remains a top priority:

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Care at Home
  • Establish Proper Oral Hygiene Habits: Encourage your child to brush their teeth for two minutes at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste. Until they can brush effectively on their own (around age six), supervise their brushing to ensure they use the correct technique and amount of toothpaste.
  • Flossing: Incorporate daily flossing into your child's routine, using floss picks for easier handling. As your child's permanent teeth emerge and spaces between them decrease, flossing becomes crucial for removing plaque and preventing cavities.
  • Healthy Dietary Habits: Limit sugary foods and drinks in your child's diet to protect against tooth decay. Encourage rinsing with water or brushing after consuming sugary treats to minimize the risk of cavities.
  • Protective Measures: Ensure your child wears a properly fitted mouthguard during sports or activities to prevent dental injuries. If your child undergoes orthodontic treatment, encourage the use of a power toothbrush and proper flossing to avoid white spots on teeth.
Care at the Dentist:
  • Regular Dental Visits: Schedule regular dental check-ups for your child to monitor their oral health and address any concerns early on. During these visits, the dentist will examine your child's mouth, clean their teeth, and provide guidance on oral hygiene practices.
  • Preventive Treatments: Discuss preventive treatments such as fluoride applications and dental sealants with your child's dentist to protect against tooth decay and cavities. Sealants are particularly beneficial for sealing off deep grooves in molars where bacteria can accumulate.
  • Addressing Risk Factors: Inform your child's dentist about any risk factors for tooth decay, such as family history, dietary habits, or orthodontic treatment. This allows the dentist to tailor preventive measures and treatment recommendations accordingly.
  • Educational Discussions: Use dental visits as an opportunity to educate your child about the importance of oral health and the risks associated with behaviors like tobacco use, vaping, and poor dietary choices. Reinforce the importance of maintaining good oral hygiene habits for a lifetime of healthy smiles.
Other Considerations
  • Medication Effects: Be aware of the potential oral health effects of certain medications, such as dry mouth or enamel discoloration. Consult your child's dentist for advice on mitigating these effects and maintaining oral health while taking medication.
  • Sleep Apnea Awareness: Monitor your child for signs of sleep apnea, a condition that can impact oral health due to dry mouth and other related issues. Seek prompt dental evaluation and treatment if sleep apnea is suspected.
  • Vaping and E-cigarettes: Educate your child about the risks of vaping and e-cigarette use, which can harm oral tissues and overall health. If you suspect your child may be using these products, discuss your concerns with their dentist for additional support and guidance.


By prioritizing oral health care at home, scheduling regular dental visits, and addressing potential risk factors, you can help your child maintain a healthy smile and lay the foundation for lifelong oral health habits.


Children should start seeing a dentist by their first birthday or within six months after their first tooth erupts. Early dental visits help establish a dental home for your child and allow the dentist to monitor their oral health, provide preventive care, and address any concerns or issues as they arise.

The frequency of dental visits for children may vary depending on their individual oral health needs and risk factors. In general, most children benefit from regular dental check-ups every six months to monitor their oral health, provide professional cleanings, and receive preventive treatments such as fluoride varnish and dental sealants.

To help prevent cavities in your child's teeth, encourage good oral hygiene habits such as brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and limiting sugary snacks and drinks. Additionally, ensure your child receives regular dental check-ups, fluoride treatments, and dental sealants as recommended by their dentist.

Children can start using fluoride toothpaste as soon as their first tooth erupts. Use a tiny smear of fluoride toothpaste (about the size of a grain of rice) for children under the age of 3, and a pea-sized amount for children ages 3 to 6. Teach your child to spit out the toothpaste rather than swallowing it.

Thumb-sucking and pacifier use are common habits among young children and typically not harmful to oral health if they are discontinued by the age of 3 or 4. Prolonged thumb-sucking or pacifier use beyond this age can affect dental development and increase the risk of misaligned teeth or bite problems. Encourage positive oral habits and provide praise and encouragement as your child transitions away from these habits.

Orthodontic treatment, such as braces or aligners, may be recommended for children and pre-teens with misaligned teeth or bite problems. The timing of orthodontic treatment varies depending on individual factors such as dental development and the severity of the orthodontic issues. Your child's dentist or orthodontist can evaluate their oral health and recommend the most appropriate treatment plan.

To encourage your child to brush and floss regularly, make oral hygiene fun and engaging by using colorful toothbrushes, flavored toothpaste, and age-appropriate dental tools. Supervise your child's brushing and flossing routine, provide positive reinforcement and rewards for good oral hygiene habits, and set a good example by practicing good oral hygiene yourself.

Dental sealants are thin, protective coatings applied to the chewing surfaces of the back teeth (molars and premolars) to help prevent cavities. Sealants act as a barrier against bacteria and food particles, reducing the risk of tooth decay in these vulnerable areas. Your child's dentist may recommend dental sealants as part of their preventive dental care plan.

If your child experiences a dental emergency, such as a knocked-out tooth, severe toothache, or dental injury, contact your pediatric dentist or seek immediate medical attention. It's essential to act quickly to prevent further complications and ensure the best possible outcome for your child's oral health.

To teach your child about the importance of oral health, lead by example by practicing good oral hygiene habits yourself and making dental care a priority for the entire family. Use age-appropriate educational materials, books, videos, and games to teach your child about the importance of brushing, flossing, and visiting the dentist regularly.

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